Asst. Prof. Ph.D. MSc.
Senior Software Developer and Electronic System Design
Ubuntu is debian operating system based on Linux. It is open source software and can be downloaded from Ubuntu website directly. Ubuntu compiles its packages using GCC features. Here, step by step Ubuntu installation guide using Oracle virtual box is provided. General command lines to be used in Ubuntou terminal are also listed here.
1) Install Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager and its Extension Pack with the same version from :
2) Download Ubuntu operating system ( .iso file) from:
3) Open Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager and click on “New” button. Fill the blank based on your requirement and click on “Next” button
4) Select RAM size and press “Next” button. You may select 2048 MB if you are not certain about the RAM size.
5) Create Virtual Hard Disk now and press “Next”.
6) Select VirtualBox Disk Image and press “Next” button.
7) Select dynamically allocated for the storage on physical hard disk and press “Next”.
8) Select the size of virtual hard disc here and click on “Create”. You may pick 25 GB if you do not have a certain number.
9) On Oracle VM VirtualBox manager, select “Setting” on your virtual OS and click on Storage. Select “Empty” option on IDE controller and choose Virtual optical Disk File … in attribute menu and select your .iso file that you have downloaded from Ubuntu website previously and press “OK”.
10) To create share folder between your operating system (Windows) and Ubuntu, on Oracle VM VirtualBox manager, select “Setting” on your virtual OS and click on Share Folder.
11) Give a share folder path and folder name and tick on auto-mount press “OK”.
12) Now you can launch the Ubuntu by clicking on Ubuntu icon highlighted below.
13) In Ubuntu environment, press “Install Ubuntu” and follow the steps to complete Ubuntu installation.
14) For guest addition installation to share files between 2 operating system, go back to “Setting ” window in Oracle VirtualBox manager , click on Storage, select “Empty” option on IDE controller and choose Virtual optical Disk File … in attribute menu and brows VBoxGuestAddition.iso file that you have downloaded from Ubuntu website and press “OK”.
15) Ubuntu command terminal starts to install Guest Addition automatically as shown in image.
16) Write the following commands in Ubuntu terminal in order to see share folder in Ubuntu environment.
To navigate into home directory
To navigate one level up directory
To navigate one level down directory
You can write compelete address to be navigated in that directory
cp file foo
To copy foo file
cp -r directory foo
To copy the directory foo recuresively with all sub-modules
To move or rename file to the different location
mv file foo
To rename file to foo
mv foo ~/Desktop
To move foo in desktop
To remove or delet file in directory
To remove empty directory
To remove directory and its content recuresively
To create directory
find . -name "file name.xxx"
To Find file